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Thursday, May 5, 2011

Short Story Analysis: "Wedding Dance" by Amador Daguio


by Amador Daguio

II. SYNOPSIS/ SUMMARY

         Awiyao and Lumnay were husband and wife for seven years, but now the husband has to marry another woman, Madulimay, because Lumnay was not able to give him a child. (In their culture in the mountains during those times, having a child to follow after the husband’s name was a must.)

         On the night of the wedding, Awiyao goes to his and Lumnay’s house to personally invite her to the traditional wedding dance. However, Lumnay, the best dancer in the entire tribe, refuses to go. Then, during their conversation, it is revealed that both of them still love each other, but because of their tribe’s custom, they have to separate.

         Awiyao goes back to the wedding, to the wedding dance, after being fetched by some friends. Lumnay wants to follow, partly because of the dance, and partly because she wants to put a stop to their tribe’s tradition of having to marry another partner just to have a child.

III. SHORT STORY ELEMENTS

A. CHARACTERS

1. Lumnay – a woman who was left by her husband because he had to marry another woman/ Developing
2. Awiyao- the husband stated above / Flat
3. Madulimay – Awiyao’s new wife / Flat

B. PLOT - Linear

  a)  Introduction

The story opens with Awiyao entering his and Lumnay’s house.

 b)  Rising Action

Things start to heat up when Lumnay says she does not want any other man.

 c)  Climax 

There is more intensity when Awiyao says he does not want any other woman.

        d)    Falling action 

       But they both have to follow their tribe’s tradition.

        e)    Denouement

       Awiyao has to go back to the wedding dance.

C. SETTING

a)  place – in the mountains somewhere in the Philippines
b)  time- a long time ago
c)  weather conditions- fine
d)  social conditions- lower-class
 e)  mood or atmosphere- sad and tense

D. POINT OF VIEW

         The Point of View used in this short story is the Omniscient Limited - The author tells the story in third person (using pronouns they, she, he, it, etc).  We know only what the character knows and what the author allows him/her to tell us. We can see the thoughts and feelings of characters if the author chooses to reveal them to us.

E. LITERARY DEVICES

         For me, there is an extensive use of the literary device Symbolism. There are many symbols here, and these are the darkness, the house’s four walls, the smoldering embers, and the beads. The darkness symbolizes how the two lead characters feel. Meanwhile, the house’s walls symbolize the former couple’s “imprisonment.” The smoldering embers that become glowing coals symbolize the love that both of them still feel towards each other. Finally, the beads symbolize Awiyao’s great love for Lumnay even if she was not able to give him a child.

F. THEME

         In my opinion, the theme True love never dies is applicable to this story. 

G. CONFLICT

         The conflict here is Man vs. Society. The lead characters have to follow their tribe’s custom  --ARV

255 comments:

  1. Thank you for visiting my blog -- http://writing4effect.wordpress.com. I thought I'd check yours out, too. This was a terrific and well-thought out analysis of the "Wedding Dance." You'd never know from your writing that you are not a native American. You write in very good American English. Great job, Ann.

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  2. Thanks so much, ma'am. My MA-English studies have helped a lot...

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  3. this is a great summary about Amador Daguio's short story "Wedding Dance". :)

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  4. can someone please tell me what is the human condition in this short story? Thank you =)

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  5. Hi there. For me, the human condition is this short story is directly connected to the theme “True love never dies” and is centered on Awiyao’s and Lumnay’s respective love for each other. Love is a universal feeling which most, if not all, people have experienced at some point in their lives. These two characters still love each other but have to let go because of their tribe’s custom, and I think this is the essence of true love, that of loving someone unconditionally.

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  6. Thank's Very much =)

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  7. what is the tone of the story?

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  8. In my opinion, the tone in this short story is serious. Indeed, there is seriousness here because all of the people in the tribe have to follow the traditions, and one of these is for a man to have a child by his wife.

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  9. can i ask a question
    From whom was the mood emphasize?

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  10. Hello there. Questions are very much welcome... The author seems to emphasize, to the readers, the mood that is somewhat dark, as stated in the first paragraph’s line “After some moments during which he seemed to wait, he talked to the listening darkness.” This short story’s introduction already tells each reader of the story’s “darkness” in terms of the major characters’ true love for each other that cannot be realized due to their tribe’s custom. In this regard, many symbols are utilized in order to make such “darkness” manifest itself in a deeper and more meaningful manner.

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  11. Compare and contrast the story " The Wedding Dance " and the story " How My Brother Leon Brought Home A Wife ".
    Thanks a lot ma'am.

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  12. Thank you so much ma'am. It really helps my Literary Criticism subject.

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  13. Hi there. Thanks, too, for visiting my blog... On the other hand, you're welcome...

    If we base the comparison on the aforementioned two short stories’ respective authors, these have a big connection because Amador Daguio (1912-1966) and Manuel Arguilla (1911-1944) were born one year apart and both had Ilokano backgrounds. Using the Biographical Approach in Literary Criticism, having these mutual factors count a lot when comparing the two stories. However, using the Reader Response Criticism, such factors may not have weight. Utilizing my personal perspective, I hereby conclude that the comparison lies mainly on the common aspect of marriage, since each story has a husband and a wife as the main set of characters. Moreover, both stories use symbols which can have various meanings according to every reader. Meanwhile, the contrast can be seen on each story’s tone: “Wedding Dance” has a sad and 'dark' twist whilst “How My Brother Leon Brought Home a Wife" has a light and 'bright' approach.

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  14. You're welcome... Thank you for visiting my blog... I also had a Literary Criticism subject which was "broken down" into two separate classes (one basic and one advanced).

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  15. a big help for my project in english..thanks alot...!!!!

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  16. I'm glad to know that... You're welcome...

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  17. could i ask questions?
    was the conflict seems to be resolved?

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  18. Hi. Yes, you can ask questions. The conflict seems to be resolved at the ending of the story when Awiyao goes back to his wedding, after he and Lumnay have accepted their fate of having to separate because of their tribe's tradition.

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  19. can i ask a question?
    what are the characteristics of Awiyao and Luminay?

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  20. Hello. Yes, you can ask a question. The characteristics of Awiyao and Lumnay are as follows:

    Amiyao-humorous and physically fit, as stated in the lines "How proud she had been of his humor. The muscles where taut and firm, bronze and compact in their hold upon his skull---how frank his bright eyes were. She looked at his body the carved out of the mountains five fields for her; his wide and supple torso heaved as if a slab of shining lumber were heaving; his arms and legs flowed down in fluent muscle."

    Lumnay- beautiful, a good dancer, strong in planting beans, fast in cleaning jars, and a good housekeeper, as mentioned in the line "He held her face between his hands and looked longingly at her beauty," and also in the line "One of the men will see you dance well; he will like your dancing," as well as in the lines "I came to tell you that Madulimay, although I am marrying her, can never become as good as you are. She is not as strong in planting beans, not as fast in cleaning water jars, not as good keeping a house clean. You are one of the best wives in the whole village."

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  21. This is very helpful. Do you have a review on " How My Brother Leon Brought Home His Wife?"? Thanks

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  22. Many thanks... I'll do a review on that nice story soon...

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  23. can i ask a question.....??

    what is the suspense in the story

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  24. By all means, you can ask a question… The suspense in the story is when Lumnay and Awiyao both declare that they still love each other, as stated in the lines below. These lines made me think, as I was reading this wonderful story, that they would forget about their tribe's tradition so that they could be together again.

    “I don’t want any man,” she said sharply. “I don’t want any other man.”

    He felt relieved that at least she talked: “You know very well that I won’t want any other woman either. You know that, don’t you? Lumnay, you know it, don’t you?”

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  25. why is the story entitled the wedding dance?

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  26. In my opinion, the story is entitled as such because the wedding dance of Awiyao and Madulimay is an indication of the story's powerful plot. This dance itself seems to be a "make or break" point, a symbol that tells us whether or not Awiyao and Lumnay still love each other. Since Lumnay chooses not to go to the wedding dance, despite Awiyao's personal request and despite her being a good dancer, she seems to show everybody that she still loves her ex-husband.

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  27. can i ask some questions about that story,wedding dance?

    what are the beliefs or culture of the story?

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  28. Yes, you can ask some questions about this story. The belief or culture here is focused on a husband's necessity to have a child to follow after his name. If he cannot have a child with his wife, he can marry another woman who can give him one (or more).

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  29. Sorry, I accidentally deleted this comment:

    Is it not that the bamboo symbolizes that Awiyao was the one barren after all and the bean plants for Lumnay's ability to produce children?

    Question: What is the symbolism of the bean pods in the ending? "Lumnay's fingers moved a long,long time among the growing bean pods."

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  30. For me, the bamboo, as mentioned in the lines below, symbolizes freedom because it goes up and down when the rattan, which keeps it in place, is moved. This bamboo seems to represent Awiyao who should be "freed" in order to get married to another woman so as to have a child. However, his conscience is somewhat bothering him because Lumnay has declared that she still loves him, and vice versa.

    “Lumnay looked down and unconsciously started to pull at the rattan that kept the split bamboo flooring in place. She tugged at the rattan flooring. Each time she did this the split bamboo went up and came down with a slight rattle.”

    Furthermore, the lines below indicate that Awiyao is not barren since he is eager to try out the second time, with another wife.

    “If I do not try a second time,” he explained, “it means I’ll die. Nobody will get the fields I have carved out of the mountains; nobody will come after me. If you fail–if you fail this second time–” she said thoughtfully. The voice was a shudder. “No–no, I don’t want you to fail.”

    On the other hand, the line “Tonight, all the women who counted, who once danced in her honor, were dancing now in honor of another whose only claim was that perhaps she could give her husband a child” manifests the second attempt of Awiyao with Madulimay who can perhaps give him a child.

    Regarding the bean plants, as mentioned in the part quoted below, seems to stand for the great possibility of Awiyao’s success of having a child with his new wife.

    “The mountain clearing was cold in the freezing moonlight. The wind began to stir the leaves of the bean plants. Lumnay looked for a big rock on which to sit down. The bean plants now surrounded her, and she was lost among them. A few more weeks, a few more months, a few more harvests—what did it matter? She would be holding the bean flowers, soft in the texture, silken almost, but moist where the dew got into them, silver to look at, silver on the light blue, blooming whiteness, when the morning comes. The stretching of the bean pods full length from the hearts of the wilting petals would go on.”

    Lastly, the line “Lumnay’s fingers moved a long, long time among the growing bean pods” seemingly tells us that Lumnay has finally approved of her husband’s marriage to another woman, despite the pain that she feels, because she loves him.

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  31. can i ask you some questions?

    1. what do the following symbolize : beans, beads, flooring of the house, stream and house?

    2. whose love is greater: awiyao's or lumnay's? explain.

    3. is the story still relevant today? explain.

    4. if you were lumnay, would you have released your husband? justify..

    thank you very much .. :)god bless..

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  32. how is the conflict resolved?

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  33. Yeah, you can ask some questions.

    1. For me, the beans symbolize Lumnay’s approval of Awiyao’s marriage to Madulimay, inspite of the pain which she feels, because of her true love for him. Meanwhile, the beads seem to stand for Awiyao’s continuing love for Lumnay because even if he will marry another woman, he did not get back such beads which were originally from his grandmother. In my opinion, the bamboo flooring of the house seems to represent freedom (the freedom of Awiyao to marry another woman) since the bamboo goes up and down when the rattan, that is there to keep it in place, is moved. On the other hand, the stream, which is mentioned in the part “When she came to the mountain stream she crossed it carefully. Nobody held her hand, and the stream water was very cold” is somewhat an indication of her being so lonely and alone, perhaps for the rest of her life. Lastly, the house that is dark and illuminated only by fire, can mean that despite the merriment of the people for Awiyao’s and Madulimay’s wedding, both Awiyao and Lumnay are not happy.

    2. Awiyao and Lumnay still love each other, as mentioned in the story, but I think it is Lumnay’s love that is greater because of the bigger amount of sacrifice that she is making; she is left alone whilst Awiyao has someone with him who can give him a child.

    3. With the modernization and high technology today, I can easily say that this story is not relevant anymore. However, looking at it in a deeper perspective and in another manner, I believe that it is still relevant, especially that the overall focus here are unconditional love, sacrifice, and selflessness which many people still experience and do so as to make their respective loved ones happy even if they themselves will be left sad.

    4. If I were Lumnay, I would have also released my husband because of our tribe’s tradition. More so, I would not want to continue living with a man if we cannot follow the tribe’s rules, and he would have eventually regretted the decision of not marrying another woman for this reason.

    You're welcome. God bless.

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  34. The conflict here, Man vs. Society, is resolved after Awiyao and Lumnay heartily talked with each other. They have agreed to go on with their respective lives, with Awiyao marrying another woman, even if they still love each other. Both of them feel that they should follow their tribe's custom (moreover, Awiyao wants so much to have a child to follow after his name), after a bit of hesitance in Lumnay's part.

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  35. Will you please answer these questions?

    Whose love is greater? Awiyao's or Lumnay's? Why?
    and what does the flooring of the house symbolizes?

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  36. Hi, Michelle. Awiyao and Lumnay still love each other, as mentioned in the story, but I think it is Lumnay’s love that is greater because of the bigger amount of sacrifice that she is making; she is left alone whilst Awiyao has someone with him who can give him a child. On the other hand, the flooring of the house seems to symbolize freedom because it goes up and down when the rattan, which keeps it in place, is moved. This bamboo kind of represents Awiyao who should be "freed" in order to get married to another woman so as to have a child. However, his conscience is somewhat bothering him because Lumnay has declared that she still loves him, and vice versa.

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  37. What are the moral lesson of the story of the wedding dance?

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  38. Hello. I believe that the greatest lesson one can learn from such story is that unconditional or true love is shown by sacrificing for the beloved, for him or her to be happy. Here, Lumnay shows that her love for Awiyao is unselfish because she lets him go. There was some hesitation at first, but in the end, Lumnay gives up her own feelings and desires in order for her former husband to fulfill his longing to have a child. More so, this is their tribe's custom.

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  39. thank yuo ...very much now,,im confidebt to our test....muah.,

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  40. You're welcome... I am happy to hear that...

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  41. can you please answer this question?
    if you were awiyao would you leave lumnay?

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  42. if you were lumnay would you let your husband married another woman?

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  43. do you disagree or agree with the story;s ending
    why or why not

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  44. nice///after reading some comments...i am ready for our class discussion tomorrow...Godbless

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  45. If I were Awiyao, I would leave Lumnay because this is the best thing to do considering the tribe's tradition and my desire to have a child. In this case, my love for Lumnay is still there and I know that she loves me back. We just can't live together anymore, and this setup is for the greater good of everyone.

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  46. If I were Lumnay, I would let my husband marry another woman because this move is the best for everybody. In the end, even if I would get hurt, it would be okay because my love for him is unconditional.

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  47. I agree with the story's ending because this is a powerful manifestation of a person's (Lumnay's) great sacrifice (because of true love) for her husband and for their tribe.

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  48. Can you gave me a Comments and Recommendation about this story . thx :)

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  49. Hello there teacher... I am an education student, and we have to analyze Wedding Dance story... thanks for the great help!!! but, i'm still having a trouble in understanding what is the ending of the story. others say that it has symbolism and those symbols used in the story like the flowers at the latter part implies that Lumnay got pregnant. However, others also say that it is a sad story because they didn't end up together... please send me your reply msmacykissesyoulove@yahoo.com thank you!!!

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  50. Personally, I love this story and I recommend it as a great topic for any literary class.

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  51. can you please help me..what will be my objectives if i teach or present this short story wedding dance to the class..

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  52. Your objectives can be:

    1. To be able to present to the class a classic example of the wonders of Philippine Literature. This story's author, Amador Daguio, has been and will always be amongst our country's best writers.

    2. To be able to give a good example of unconditional love.

    3. To be able to show a wonderful glimpse of our country's culture.

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  53. thanks maam..we're going to make a graphic organizer about this short story, how will i do this? and ho will i am going to discuss?

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  54. how can you say that the story is beautiful ?? please kindly give your opinion? thank you :PP

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  55. Kindly refer to this graphic organizer (link below) and put the events I listed (underneath) in their respective proper places:

    http://myeport.com/published/t/uc/tucson5/collection/10/20/upload.pdf

    Basic situation and conflict – Man vs. Society. The two lead characters have to follow their tribe’s custom

    Event 1 - Awiyao enters his and Lumnay’s house

    Event 2 - Lumnay says she does not want any other man

    Event 3 - Awiyao says he does not want any other woman

    Event 4 - However, they have to follow their tribe’s tradition

    Event 5 - Lumnay feels rebellious; she wants to oppose the tradition

    Event 6 – Lumnay accepts that she has to agree on Awiyao’s marrying Madulimay

    Resolution - Awiyao has to go back to the wedding dance. Meaning, he has to be firm on his decision of marrying another woman

    I suggest that you show this chart to the class, and discuss by pointing out a step at a time. It is like telling the story in a brief yet concise manner. Good luck...

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  56. I can say that this story is beautiful because it is all about true love or unconditional love. Although this does not have a happy ending wherein the lead characters end up together, its beauty lies on the truth that they both love each other.

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  57. thank you.. i've learn a lot from you. Maam, how about the climax of the short story wedding dance?

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  58. You're welcome. I'm so happy to hear that... Regarding the climax of this story, I believe that it is when Awiyao says he does not want any other woman, after Lumnay says she does not want any other man. This scenario shows that they still love each other.

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  59. thank you so much maam,,these helped me a lot in writng my thesis ntitled wedding dance:story analysis

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  60. thank you so much maam,,,i can use this in my thesis intitled weeding dance:story analysis..

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  61. You're welcome... I feel so glad having helped you in your thesis.

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  62. hello ma'am..what will be my comprehension questions and reading comprehension in this story?

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  63. Hello. Comprehension questions can be:

    1. Why did Awiyao have to marry another woman?

    2. What was the significance of the wedding dance in the story?

    3. What was Awiyao's purpose of going back to his and Lumnay's house?

    4. Why did Lumnay finally agree to her husband's marriage to Madulimay?

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  64. Ma'am can you please answer those comprehension questions?

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  65. good morning ma'am .. my prof would like to have an ending on this story .. what will be the best ending of this story? or what will happen in the ending ..thank you ..

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  66. Okay... Here are the answers:

    1. Awiyao had to marry another woman because his first wife, Lumnay, was not able to give him a child. In their tribe's tradition and culture, having a child to follow after the husband's name was a must.

    2. The wedding dance in the story is not only a symbol but the center or the focus because this dance seals the wedding, the marriage of Awiyao, in this case, to Madulimay.

    3. Awiyao went back to his and Lumnay's house to personally invite her to go to his wedding dance.

    4. Although she was hesitant at first, Lumnay finally agreed to her husband's marriage to Madulimay because of her true and unconditional love for him.

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  67. The ending of this story is focused on Lumnay, on her finally accepting her husband's marriage to another woman. This is a sad scenario but happy on the other hand because Lumnay also feels happy that the love of her life will eventually have a child with another woman.

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  68. good morning ma'am.what is the critical analysis of the story?

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  69. Good morning, too. In conjunction with the analysis above, the critical analysis of this story centers on the true, unconditional love between the two lead characters, as well as their compliance to their tribe's tradition.

    The thesis statement can be as simple as: True or unconditional love between a husband and a wife still exists.

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  70. ma'am i need your help.i'am going to present this short story to the class then I will make a lesson plan for it..can you please help me in making lesson plan about this short story.

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  71. what does the sound of gangsas represent? :D

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  72. Hi. Yes, I can make a lesson plan for it. Kindly email me at an2_villanueva@yahoo.com

    Thanks

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  73. There can be many interpretations regarding the sound of the gangsas in this story. For me, these powerful sounds depict the strong love which the lead characters feel for each other.

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  74. Hello, Ma'am...! ^_^ Your insights regarding the story really helped me a lot ... Thank you! I have no more worries upon executing my lesson today. God bless you. ^_^

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    Replies
    1. Thank you, too... I am sorry I saw your message only now... Better late than never :)

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  75. Good morning, i was working all night making a script for our group presentation next week in my phil. lit subject.. but, i am really clueless, what happened at the end of the story? does the petals means she died or pregnant?.. pls. do answer me, kindly send it to my email, elmer_dhudz10@yahoo.com

    cheers! god speed! thank you so much!

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  76. hello, again... ^_^ can you please provide me a UBDized learning plan for this... ? Thank you and God bless! :)

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  77. Hello. That's nice; glad to be of help. God bless you, too. :)

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  78. Hi there. I already sent my reply to your email elmer_dhudz10@yahoo.com...

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  79. why the theme of the short story true love never dies?

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    Replies
    1. Because even if the person you love will not be by your side forever, you still love him or her just the same. Whatever makes that person happy makes you happy also.

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  80. Why the wedding dance is one of the classic example of wonders of Philippine Literature?

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  81. what does the mood of the story? thanks!

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    1. I am so sorry I saw your message in my inbox only now...

      The author seems to emphasize, to the readers, the mood that is somewhat dark, as stated in the first paragraph’s line “After some moments during which he seemed to wait, he talked to the listening darkness.” This short story’s introduction already tells each reader of the story’s “darkness” in terms of the major characters’ true love for each other that cannot be realized due to their tribe’s custom. In this regard, many symbols are utilized in order to make such “darkness” manifest itself in a deeper and more meaningful manner.

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  82. how can i make a character web of this story?

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  83. Hello there. The above analysis can be UBDized following the format here:

    http://www.docstoc.com/docs/4960251/Understanding-by-Design-Unit-Plan-Template

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  84. The theme of the short story is such because the focus of the plot is about true love, Awiyao's love to Lumnay and vice versa.

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  85. Because it shows the culture or tradition in a certain place in the Philippines.

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  86. hi ! :)can you explain the moral relevance of this story ??

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  87. ma'am, what are the characteristics of the characters of the story?

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  88. mam.. what do you think about the characters in the story wedding dance? and is there any story that is similar to the story wedding dance?

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  89. mam... what do you think about the characters in the story? is there any other story that is similar to the story wedding dance?

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  90. why did amador daguio wrote this short story wedding dance? what is his purpose to the readers?

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  91. thanks for some info

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  92. thx alot i need this for my asignment

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  93. Hi. For me, the characters in this story are simple individuals who are deeply in love with each other. Their love is true and unconditional. There are many stories that have true and unconditional love as the main theme, including my favorite fairy tale "Beauty and the Beast."

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  94. I think Amador Daguio wrote this short story as a personal tribute to Mountain Province, the place where he grew up, and his purpose to the readers is to show a glimpse of such place's tradition.

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  95. good morning ma'am can i ask questions?
    1.Why is it important for him to have a child?
    2.What is the "unwritten" law of the tribe?
    3.How does a man express his intention to marry someone from the tribe?
    4.She thought of seven harvests that had passed, what figure of speech is this?

    HOPE YOU CAN HELP ME ANSWER THIS QUESTION MA'AM
    THANK YOU SO MUCH......
    GOD BLESS.....

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  96. Geeeez. this had just solved my problem. thank you sooo much Ma'am for creating this blog and continue helping students in their literature subject. thanks again and Godless. More power! fighting. :)

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  97. Good evening. Yes, you can ask questions.

    1. It is important for him to have a child because aside from it being the tribe's rule, he wants a child to follow after his family name.

    2. In my opinion, the "unwritten" law of the tribe is that even if it is a must to follow the tradition, perhaps it can allow a couple to go against it if the reasons are valid. This is just my opinion as a reader.

    3. Although this has not been mentioned directly, a man expresses his intention to marry someone from the tribe by courting her the natural way, by stating his intentions.

    4. The figure of speech in "She thought of seven harvests that had passed" can be Imagery or Symbolism.

    You're welcome. God bless.

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  98. Wow, that's wonderful. You're welcome. I'm happy that this blog is helping students. God bless, and more power, too.

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  99. youre somehow confusing with regards on your grammar maam., i've noticed some few errors.
    maybe its a great help if you review those

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  100. Thanks for your feedback. I admit I sometimes write in a hurry, without reviewing what has been written. Yes, I will review those.

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    Replies
    1. you're so humble maam. I appreciate your effort a lot. Continue being such.

      Delete
  101. great :) thanks it helps me alot :) :*

    melvin:)

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  102. Thanks, Melvin, and you're very much welcome :)

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  103. goodmorning ma'am i have one question can you answer it please?can you explain the symbolism of the following beads and fields.

    Thank you ma'am
    God will guide you always you're so helpful...

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  104. i have a question ma'am, what do you think is the best theme song for the story "Wedding Dance"?

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  105. good morning ma'am, can you please answer these questions...

    1. analyze how the author builds up suspense.
    2. analyze the conflict in the story. bring out details which emphasize the conflict.
    3. the story takes place among non-Christian tribe, might the story also takes place among christians?
    4. Locate the basic illusions of the story.
    5. explain the symbolism of the last sentence.

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  106. what does gangsa and moonlight symbolizes?

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  107. the story ended that lumnay is already pregnant!

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  108. hi
    can i ask a question??

    >is the introduction interesting-it catch your attention easily? how the story begins?- with conversation? with description?

    >when does it take place? how much time covered by the action? is there a change in place or time setting?

    >who are the minor characters? what devices has the author used to make them appear real? description? action? a combination of all these?

    >what incident bring about the complication?

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  109. good evening..hi..

    i have a question?

    1. in your opinion, is the outcome or result satisfactory? inevitable/ unavoidable? reasonable? what ending would you have suggested?

    2. what dominant impression - love, humors,pathos thus the story creates?

    3. what point- of- view is used in the story?

    4. is the title appropriate and clever?

    please answer may question immediately..
    thank you so much..

    this is for my baby thesis...

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  110. Good evening ma'am what do you think is the ending of the story?

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  111. good eve ma'am...

    please help me to answer this question...

    1.is the introduction interesting-it catch your attention easily? how does the story begins - with conversation? with description?

    2. when does it take place? how much time covered by action? is there a change in place or time setting?

    3. who are the minor characters? what devices has the author used to make them appear real? description? action? a combination of all these?

    4. what incident brings about the complication?

    5. in your opinion, is the outcomes or result satisfactory?
    inevitable,unavoidable? reasonable? what ending would you have suggested?

    6. what dominant impression - love, humor, pathos thus the story creates?

    7. what point of view is used in the story?

    8. is the title appropriate and clever?

    please ma'am answer those question..
    i need them on September 30...
    thank you ma'am..
    here my email add..
    celle_babypiers@yahoo.com

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  112. good eve ma'am...
    please answer my question ma'am

    please help me to answer this question...

    1.is the introduction interesting-it catch your attention easily? how does the story begins - with conversation? with description?

    2. when does it take place? how much time covered by action? is there a change in place or time setting?

    3. who are the minor characters? what devices has the author used to make them appear real? description? action? a combination of all these?

    4. what incident brings about the complication?

    5. in your opinion, is the outcomes or result satisfactory?
    inevitable,unavoidable? reasonable? what ending would you have suggested?

    6. what dominant impression - love, humor, pathos thus the story creates?

    7. what point of view is used in the story?

    8. is the title appropriate and clever?

    please ma'am answer those question..
    i need them on September 30...
    thank you ma'am..
    here my email add..
    celle_babypiers@yahoo.com

    ReplyDelete
  113. please ma'am answer those question,,,

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  114. Hi there. So sorry for the late reply. Have been quite busy lately.

    1. The author builds up suspense through the use of symbols.
    2. This story's conflict is Man vs. Society. The lead characters have to follow their tribe’s custom.
    3. I don't think this story can take place among Christians.
    4. One of the basic illusions, in my opinion, can be found in the line "After some moments during which he seemed to wait, he talked to the listening darkness" wherein there seems to be a "distracting" meaning of the phrase "listening darkness."
    5. "Lumnay's fingers moved a long, long time among the growing bean pods." This last sentence seemingly tells us that Lumnay has finally approved of her husband’s marriage to another woman, despite the pain that she feels, because she loves him.

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  115. For me, the gangsa symbolizes the merriment from the wedding of Madulimay and Awiyao whilst the moonlight represents the glitter of hope for Awiyao to finally have his own child.

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  116. Readers can have various interpretations on the story's ending, especially that the respective symbols can represent different meanings. Hence, I cannot say that Lumnay was actually pregnant in such ending. However, since the author did not directly say that Lumnay was not pregnant, I think that her pregnancy would be possible.

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  117. Hi. I believe that the introduction is interesting and it caught my attention easily when I first read it. This story begins with the description of Awiyao entering his and Lumnay's house.

    The story takes place in the mountains in a place here in the Philippines. In its entirety, the story's action covers one night. There is no change in place or time setting.

    Meanwhile, the minor characters are Madulimay and the other people of the tribe. The devices that he author used to make them appear real involve description and action.

    When Lumnay says she does not want any other man, the complication is brought about.

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  118. 1. In my opinion, the outcome or result is satisfactory and reasonable. If I were to have my own ending, I would have suggested that Awiyao and Lumnay would be allowed to stay together as husband and wife for another chance to have a child.

    2. The dominant impression the story creates is love, true and unconditional love.

    3. The Point of View used in this short story is the Omniscient Limited - The author tells the story in third person (using pronouns they, she, he, it, etc). We know only what the character knows and what the author allows him/her to tell us. We can see the thoughts and feelings of characters if the author chooses to reveal them to us.

    4. Yes, I believe that the title is appropriate and clever because it can catch readers' attention.

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  119. I think the ending of the story is that Lumnay finally accepts that her husband is marrying another woman. She has to make this ultimate sacrifice because she still loves her husband.

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  120. ma'am may i ask some questions about the short story faith, love, time and dr. lazaro by gregorio brillantes because i need it in our presentation. I hope you can help me ma'am.thank you.

    1. The story is told from three points of view. Identify each.
    2. The central fact in the story is human suffering. How does each of the characters react to suffering? Elaborate on your answer.
    3. How does the characterization of the three main characters spring from their attitude towards suffering?
    4. Explain the significance of the title.

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  121. ma'am can you please explain why the story is reasonable..

    and answer the inevitable or unavoidable?..

    please ma'am thank you

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  122. and explain why it is description and action?

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  123. But I'm wondering... our professor said that Lumnay is pregnant. Too late to know that she's pregnant.

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  124. my prof. also said that it can also be minimalism....because the setting and the characters are very simple yet very meaty.^^,tnx teacher ana

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  125. what are the illusions in the story ma'am?

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  126. So sorry very late reply. I've been very busy these past days. I'll read such story tonight and give the answers right after...

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  127. The story is reasonable because the tribe's tradition is acceptable. On the other hand, this can also be considered as inevitable or unavoidable because the people of the tribe cannot avoid their tradition since it is also actually for their own good.

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  128. It is "description" because the tribe and its tradition have been described. Meanwhile, it is also "action" because the people really act on this tradition.

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  129. Especially if the Reader's Response Approach is applied, it is alright for a reader to conclude that Lumnay is pregnant. The story's ending somehow insinuates this, as well as insinuates that Lumnay will face the rest of her life alone.

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  130. Yes, it can also be minimalism... You're welcome...

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  131. Hi! Can you send me the script for the wedding dance? It will be really helpful for our stage play..Thank you very much..! Here's my e-mail: redeemersfacebook@gmail.com

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  132. hi. i would just like to ask if you know the direct relationship between Amador Daguio's life and the text Wedding Dance? Is there an event in his life that made him write the text? thank you.

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  133. ma'am can you please give me atleast 4 valuing questions with multiple choice. thanks ma'am.

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  134. maam, what is the morals of the story?

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  135. ma'am, does the story suggests a conflict between nature and culture? how?
    thank you..

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  136. hello there. ma'am im a BSHRM student and we have a phil.lit. subj.now im the one to report "The Wedding Dance" can i ask some questions please?

    -what is the structures of this story?
    -what are the figurative language used in the story?
    -base the short story in real life.
    a big thanks ma'am.. :)

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  137. Was there any any figurative language used in the story? If there is, what are those? thanks! :)

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  138. nice story, i really appreciate this one of story that i ever had read..it make me relate something in our culture..i would like thank maam ann for your sharing knowledge..you are the best teacher..keep up a good work..god bless you..

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  139. I am very sorry for the delay; I've been quite busy with work and with pressing personal matters.

    The structures of this story are basically focused on Lumnay and Awiyao's true love for each other. They have to let each other go because of their tribe's tradition.

    One figurative language here is: "Lumnay's fingers moved a long, long time among the growing bean pods." This last sentence seemingly tells us that Lumnay has finally approved of her husband’s marriage to another woman, despite the pain that she feels, because she loves him.

    This story has been applicable to real life since there have been tribes that follow this tradition.

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  140. Yes, there was use of figurative language in this story, and one example is:

    "Lumnay's fingers moved a long, long time among the growing bean pods." This last sentence seemingly tells us that Lumnay has finally approved of her husband’s marriage to another woman, despite the pain that she feels, because she loves him.

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  141. Yep, this is really a nice story that we can relate with.

    You're welcome... And thanks, too.

    God bless you, too...

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  142. Ma'am can you give me an interpretation of this story? hope you will answer asap..

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  143. Hi Ma'am, we tried to answer these questions but our teacher wasn't happy with our works, can u please help? thank u very much for ur positive response!

    1. How is Awiyao introduced in the opening of the story?
    2. Does the beginning entice you to read further? why?
    3. What does the writer mean by "listening darkness"?
    4. Describe Lumnay's walk to the beanfields by giving sensory images.
    5. Why did she go to the beanfields instead of going home?

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  144. Good day Ma'am!
    Will you please help me with this questions. im very hard up in answering them.

    1. What sensory details make the ending beautiful?
    2. How do you feel about the ending? why?

    Thanks Ma'am!

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    Replies
    1. 1. Sensory details that make the ending beautiful are shown in the part where Lumnay is in the beanfields.

      "She followed the trail above the village. When she came to the mountain stream she crossed it carefully. Nobody held her hand, and the stream water was very cold. The trail went up again, and she was in the moonlight shadows among the trees and shrubs. Slowly she climbed the mountain." The stream water being very cold is a sensory image, that of the sense of touch.

      Then, "When Lumnay reached the clearing, she could see from where she stood the blazing bonfire at the edge of the village, where the wedding was. She could hear the far-off clamor of the gongs, still rich in their sonorousness, echoing from mountain to mountain. The sound did not mock her; they seemed to call far to her, to speak to her in the language of unspeaking love. She felt the pull of their gratitude for her sacrifice. Her heartbeat began to sound to her like many gangsas." The blazing bonfire is for the sense of sight while the gong for the sense of hearing.

      2. Personally, I feel sad about the ending because Lumnay's emptiness and longing can be felt. However, looking at the brighter side, Lumnay's sacrifice is somewhat heroic because she gives way due to their tribe's tradition.

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  145. Using the Reader-Response Criticism Approach, there can be various interpretations on this story. For me, the lead characters here symbolize true or real love because of their unselfishness in order to follow their tribe's culture.

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  146. Here are my answers to the following questions:

    1. How is Awiyao introduced in the opening of the story?

    Awiyao's physical attributes are mentioned in the middle part. In the opening of the story, he is introduced as a strong man who can lift a log easily. Meanwhile, he is also shown as a kind man via the line "I'm sorry this had to be done. I am really sorry. But neither of us can help it."

    2. Does the beginning entice you to read further? why?

    Honestly, when I first read this story, I did not find the beginning part enticing because it lacks action.

    3. What does the writer mean by "listening darkness"?

    Amador Daguio could have referred to Awiyao being very sure that Lumnay is in the house despite the darkness all around, and that she is attentive and listening.

    4. Describe Lumnay's walk to the beanfields by giving sensory images.

    Lumnay's walk to the beanfields begins in this part: "She followed the trail above the village. When she came to the mountain stream she crossed it carefully. Nobody held her hand, and the stream water was very cold. The trail went up again, and she was in the moonlight shadows among the trees and shrubs. Slowly she climbed the mountain." The stream water being very cold is a sensory image, that of the sense of touch.

    Then, "When Lumnay reached the clearing, she could see from where she stood the blazing bonfire at the edge of the village, where the wedding was. She could hear the far-off clamor of the gongs, still rich in their sonorousness, echoing from mountain to mountain. The sound did not mock her; they seemed to call far to her, to speak to her in the language of unspeaking love. She felt the pull of their gratitude for her sacrifice. Her heartbeat began to sound to her like many gangsas." The blazing bonfire is for the sense of sight while the gong for the sense of hearing.

    5. Why did she go to the beanfields instead of going home?

    Lumnay goes to the beanfields instead of going home because she seems more "at home" in the beanfields than in her and Awiyao's house where they have spent their lives as husband and wife.

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  147. Thank you ma'am, but if you were to make your own ending for the story? how will you make it?

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    Replies
    1. If I were to make my own ending for this story, I will make Awiyao and Lumnay go back to each other's arms, this time for good, after a few months of Awiyao and Madulimay's staying together as a couple but discovering that the latter is barren.

      Delete
  148. what do you think the displacement and marginality in this story?

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    Replies
    1. For me, displacement and marginality in this story is the reality that, according to some sources, there are still groups of people in this modern age that practice the tradition of Awiyao and Lumnay's tribe.

      Delete
  149. Hi Miss Ann, I badly need your help. Can you please help me prove that this story is an Anti-feminism and what lines supports that approach. Please? Thank you po.

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    Replies
    1. Hi there. If we base our criticism on Feminism, we can see an angle that is Anti-feminism. These lines can support such angle:

      "I came to tell you that Madulimay, although I am marrying her, can never become as good as you are. She is not as strong in planting beans, not as fast in cleaning water jars, not as good keeping a house clean. You are one of the best wives in the whole village."

      The above quotations are from Awiyao. Here, he compares the two women based on their respective capabilities/capacities in planting beans, cleaning water jars, and keeping a house clean. Although these are a wife's basic duties, these should not be her sole responsibilities as what Awiyao is hinting at.

      Delete
  150. I 'd like to share my take on this short story.

    1. Awiyao and Lumnay are the characters to be studied here; exclude Madulimay already (She was merely mentioned to establish the predicament of the couple.)
    2. It does not have a linear plot; even a satire has a plot. The fact that you include in your analysis rising action, climax and, a falling action--it cannot be linear at all. Check this out:
    a. exposition: Awiyao talking to the darkness (helplessness) and Lumnay unmoving in the darkness (denial) unravels the characters' wearisome situation.
    b. beg. action: Both confessed their love, still, for each other (supported by the narrative).
    c. conflict: They've been both good to each other, YET there is a need to be fulfilled--to have a child (great burden is upon the men of the tribe).
    d. climax: Awiyao, about to leave, Lumnay beckoned for him. he gave him the beads, she hugged him (it looked more than an engagement than a separation).
    e. complication: Lumnay decided to fight for her man but hesitated.
    f. denoument: She loosened her grip--meant she finally accepted to let him go, accepted their fate, but she wasn't resigned. She went back to the clearing (this is the most interesting symbolism in the story).

    Moral: If you love somebody, set him or her free.
    Theme 1: A man who loves unconditionally sacrifices his or her own happiness.
    Theme 2: True love begets sacrifice.

    Why wedding dance? I believe that Awiyao and Lumnay did the wedding dance. Ir was in fact their wedding dance. I'd share tomorrow. It's kinda late already. =)

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    Replies
    1. Thank you very much for sharing such. I highly appreciate it...

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  151. Thank you Miss Ann. Tomorrow will be our reporting day and your answer will help us a lot, :) Thank you po! :)

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    Replies
    1. Sorry I saw this message only now. You're very much welcome :)

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  152. Can I ask some questions?

    What are the historical, cultural, political, literary, artistic and aesthetic concerns of the story.. Any category here will do.. Thanks..

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    Replies
    1. The cultural concern of this story is the focus on a certain tribe's tradition that shows a part of the Filipino culture. Even though there is true love, as in the case of the two lead characters, the tribe's long-time tradition must be followed.

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  153. good day maam !

    i would like to ask what is the controlling idea of the story ?
    is the conflict external or internal ? how is the life of the author reflected in the story? what assumption can you give about the authors life or way of wrting? thnx mam.

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    Replies
    1. The controlling idea of the story is the self-sacrifice for true love and for following the tribe's tradition. Although the life of the author is not directly reflected on the characters, his love for country (the Philippines) is shown in the story that tells about a certain tribe and its long-time tradition.

      You're welcome. Thanks, too.

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  154. thank you so much ms. ann villanueva. I am now inspired to answer our story analysis midterm exam. God bless you always.

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    Replies
    1. You're welcome. I'm happy to be of help.

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  155. Hi! can i ask you about the story's ending? what does the last 2 paragraphs of the story mean? is it possible that Lumnay is actually pregnant (because of the symbolism of the "growing bean pods")? Thank you! :)

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  156. hi mam :) can i ask what is the Significant experience related to the theme of the selection? thanks

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  157. HI MS. ANN I HAVE SOME QUESTIONS.


    1.) What's the cause of the breakup of Awiyao and Lumnay?


    2.) Aside from the wedding dance ritual, give 3 native/local practices or belief found in the story.


    3.) Awiyao wanted Lumnay to keep the beads. Which country did the beads come from?

    4.) Which is more important for Awiyao-his love for Lumnay or his wish to have a child? Cite some lines to support your answer. Discuss.


    5.) "If I fail, I will come back to you."--What does this tell of Awiyao's character? How does this line give us a hint of how he views women? Discuss.

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    Replies
    1. Hi. Here are my answers:

      1. Awiyao and Lumnay broke up because Awiyao had to marry another woman since Lumnay was not able to give him a child.

      2. Aside from the wedding dance ritual, native/local practices found in the story are: marrying another woman when the original wife was not able to give the husband a child, the throbbing of the gangsas, and the throwing of a spear on the stairs of a bride-to-be's father's house in token on a man's desire to marry her.

      3. Although there is no direct mention of what country the beads come from, I believe these are of native origin.

      4. For me, Awiyao, though painfully torn between his love for Lumnay and his wish to have a child, finds having a child more important. This line supports such:

      "Lumnay," he said tenderly. "Lumnay, if I did this it is because of my need for a child. You know that life is not worth living without a child. The man have mocked me behind my back. You know that."

      5. "If I fail, I will come back to you."-- This tells that Awiyao's character is somewhat unstable. In the Feministic view, this is an insult to women in general.

      Delete
  158. hi mam, do you have a story of May day eve?

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    Replies
    1. Currently, I do not have such story here in my blog, but I plan to feature it anytime because I love that story.

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  159. i copied some of the comments..i hope it could help me during our recitations tomorrow..thank you..

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    Replies
    1. I am elated that some of the comments here can help you. You're welcome, and thanks, too.

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    2. hi ma'am,

      can i ask some questions??
      what does these things symbolize??
      -gongs
      -fire
      -beans
      -bamboos

      thanks ma'am.....

      Delete
  160. what is the moral lesson of the story ma'am ? :)

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    Replies
    1. For me, the moral/lesson of this story is that unconditional love is still possible. Loving someone does not always mean being with him or her all the time; it can also mean making him or her choose whatever makes him or her happy.

      Delete
  161. Hello ma'am can i ask question?
    1. is the author's description vivid? explain
    2. Do the belief of the people in the story is similar to or different from that of other ethnic communities in our country?
    describe the theme of the story. explain
    3. what are the significance of the story?
    4. is the setting of the story help establish the mood or atmosphere for the story? How?

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    Replies
    1. Sorry I am answering these questions only now.

      1. Yes, the author's description is vivid because of his choice of descriptive words.
      2. In our country, there are both similar and different beliefs. Meanwhile, the theme of the story is focused on love, that of unconditional love. This love is what let the lead female character to give way, not only to fulfill the tribe's tradition, but also to allow her husband to finally have a child.
      3. The significance of the story is centered not only in the tribe's tradition but also in selfless love.
      4. For me, the setting is a great help in establishing the mood or atmosphere of the story in ways that are vividly described by the words that the author chose to use.

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  162. hi, i just want to know the conflictof gender clash in the story? and how is it resolved , , ,

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    Replies
    1. I am very sorry it took me so long to answer your question. I have been quite busy this past couple of months. In my opinion, the conflict of gender clash in the story is shown by the husband as being more powerful than the wife. And, for me, this particular conflict is not resolved in the story since the ending shows the main male character getting married to another woman.

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  163. GUD EVENING MA'AM. CAN I ASK QUESTION?

    1. IN WHAT WAY HAS THE STORY CHANGE YOUR MIND ABOUT SOMETHING OR MADE YOU SEE SOMETHING IN ANEW LIGHT?
    2. WHY DO YOU THINK WAS THE STORY MADE/WRITTEN?
    3. WHAT GENERAL IDEA TIES THE WHOLE STORY TOGETHER?

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    Replies
    1. Hello. My apologies for this very late reply.

      1. This story has changed my mind about matrimony. In my personal life, had I been as submissive as the lead woman character here, then my very own marriage would have been saved.
      2. I think the story was made/written to create awareness.
      3. For me, the general idea that ties the whole story together is unconditional love.

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  164. gud eve ma'am. ma'am can you give your personal reaction in the story, what is your realization/characteristics, customs, beliefs about Cagayanos are revealed in the story

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    Replies
    1. My personal reaction is something positive. I have realized that unconditional love is still possible if a person really tries. Sadly, in my personal life, I have not been strong enough (in the past) to discover such kind of love. Regarding customs and/or beliefs about Cagayanons, I am not sure, but perhaps the specific tradition highlighted in this story has been practiced in the past (or is still being observed now, somewhere).

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  165. ma'am what is the exposition and inciting incident pf the story? tnx ma'am

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    Replies
    1. I believe that the exposition here is the fact that unconditional love is very much possible.

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  166. hi maam ann can i ask a question?

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    Replies
    1. Hi. Sorry I am replying only now. I have been very busy these past two months. Yes, you can ask a question.

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  167. ma,am kindly answer my previous questions.. tnx

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    Replies
    1. I apologize for my very delayed answers...

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  168. maam plis answer it pleas

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    Replies
    1. I am really very sorry that I am accessing this blog only now...

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  169. maam may i ask what is the style of the story? thanks in advance!

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    Replies
    1. Based on the website http://englishliteratureforum.com/Thread-Style-in-the-Short-Story, the style, or the Point of View used in this short story is the Omniscient Limited - The author tells the story in third person (using pronouns they, she, he, it, etc). We know only what the character knows and what the author allows him/her to tell us. We can see the thoughts and feelings of characters if the author chooses to reveal them to us.

      You're welcome

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